Paludiculture and Adapted Peatland Protection in Brandenburg

Background

In 2006, the state of Brandenburg established a Reference Framework for Peatland Protection, which includes the prioritization of peatland conservation. Aside from the critically endangered, brown-moss rich, alkaline and calcareous transition mires, which must be protected through exclusion from any kind of use and/or through special maintenance measures, the majority of Brandenburg’s extensive fen areas have been drained and are used for agriculture. Of the state’s 220,000 hectares of peatland, 21,000 hectares are only slightly drained, and a mere 1 % of the total area remains in a near-natural state that allows peat accumulation. To further implement the Reference Framework, the State Office for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection Brandenburg (Landesamt für Umwelt, Gesundheit und Verbraucherschutz; LUGV) awarded several lots in August of 2011. The purpose of Lot 4 was to investigate the potential for wet agriculture and utilization of biomass from fens (paludiculture) in the entire state of Brandenburg.

 

Project results

The project defined a regional template for areas in Brandenburg that show a potential for paludiculture, and prioritized drained peatlands according to their suitability. Based on their potential for successful rewetting, and taking into account a number of economical and conservational aspects, three peatland areas were selected that are most suitable for paludiculture. As part of the project, all necessary permits and approvals for the project’s implementation in each target area were obtained, and a list of suggestions for rewetting and cultivation under paludicultural aspects was drawn up.

In addition to developing a regional template for paludiculture, the project also identified potential users and buyers for fen-produced biomass, and recruited potential sponsors.

The project results were considered during the application for an ILE peatland protection project (under the “Integrated Rural Development“ guideline).

 

Partners

The Michael Succow Foundation and the planning office p2m in Berlin formed a joint task force to work on the subtask "Paludicultures and Adapted Peatland Protection" as part of the "Primary Feasibility Study Peatland Protection for the Implementation of the Peatland Protection Reference Framework in Brandenburg." The project was commissioned by the State Office for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection Brandenburg.

 

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