Uzbekistan

Establishment of a pistachio growing center in Ugam Chatkal National Park

Adapted native plant communities with pistachio (Pistacia vera) and almond (Prunus dulcis) trees once covered the large mountain foothills of Uzbekistan. Intensive land use practices caused large-scale degradation of these natural habitats turning them into low productive wheat fields and pastures.

 

The rehabilitation of ecosystem functions of the natural pistachio communities is considered one of the most effective measures against climate change in the region. Simultaneously it reduces degradation processes (especially erosion) and re-establishes habitats for many species. Practice shows that land use change approaches are worthless if the do not meet basic needs and interests of the local population. This is where the project comes in: An economic analysis shows that prospective income from pistachio harvests are much better than those from the current (unsustainable) land use practices.

 

Local farmers do show interest in receiving assistance and training on pistachio growing, which is provided in “pistachio growing centres”. These centres already exist in two regions in Uzbekistan and one more is to established in Tashkent province within the project. The centers provide varieties of pistachio and almond trees for grafting on the one hand and provide training facilities and advise on the other hand. The pistachio growing centres are thought to become initial points spreading knowledge and practical skills at province level. Such a “point of growth” is going to be established in the buffer zone of Ugam Chatkal National Park in the Western Tian Shan mountain area of Tashkent Province.

 

This project is in line with a recently developed NAMA (Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action) on pistachio growing in Uzbekistan. It was developed in the context of the project „Capacity and Institution Building for Climate Finance Readiness in Central Asia”.

 

This project is financed by the International Climate Initiative of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety through the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GiZ) GmbH (German Society for International Cooperation). It is jointly implemented with the GEF Small Grants Programme in Uzbekistan and the Republic’s Scientific-Production Center for Decorative Gardening and Forestry.

 

tl_files/img/logos/BMU_Web_de_WBZ.gif             tl_files/img/logos/giz_logo.png

 

Project coordination:

Jens Wunderlich, email: jens.wunderlich(at)succow-stiftung.de