EUKI – Paludiculture in the Baltics

Potential and Capacities for climate protection through productive use of rewetted peatlands.


The Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) harbour 21,000 km2 of peatlands of which more than 50% are drained and degraded. They all rank in the EU’s Top 10 of greenhouse gas emitting countries from drained peatland (LV 5th, EST 8th, LT 9th). By rewetting of peatlands and introduction of climate-smart agriculture (paludiculture), substantial emissions can be avoided. Paludiculture gives a double mitigation effect by:
1) reducing land-based emissions as rewetting stops peat decomposition,
2) substituting fossil resources by renewable biomass.

To tackle the main obstacles for paludiculture the project envisages:
1) A feasibility study for using drained Baltic peatlands in paludiculture after rewetting to substitute fossil resources e.g. peat as horticultural substrates or reed as fuel on EU markets.
2) Stakeholder dialogue and capacity building on paludiculture practices, knowledge exchange within Europe;
3) Advocacy to adapt framework conditions for adapted use in national and EU policies. 

Thus the project will identify and prioritise potential paludiculture sites in the Baltic states and recognise the potential of paludiculture for climate mitigation. It will also raise awareness of relevant stakeholders for options of and benefits from peatland rewetting beyond conversation and of/for paludiculture. It will build capacity to plan and implement paludiculture pilots on priority sites and to unlock new markets for products. There will also be recommendations for improved framework conditions for paludiculture. A multiple stakeholder dialogue is initialised.

Partners in the project are: the Michael Succow Foundation (MSF), the Estonian Fund for Nature (ELF), the Lithuanian Fund for Nature (LFN) and subcontractors after tendering in Latvia.

Political partners are: the Ministry of Environment of Estonia, the Ministry of Rural Affairs of Estonia, the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development in Latvia.


funded by:

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Implemented by:


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Project coordination:

Andreas Haberl, E-mail: andreas.haberl(at)